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Dubai inaugurated its metro network in September 2009, becoming the first urban metro network to run in the Gulf’s Arab states. The system has eased the daily commute for thousands of the workers in the emirate.

With an economy increasingly based upon financial services, air transport, property development and tourism, Dubai has a rapidly growing population and severe traffic congestion problems. The population is forecast to increase by 6.4% annually, rising to three million by 2017.

“In full operation, Dubai Metro is projected to carry approximately 1.2 million passengers on an average day, and 355 million passengers a year.”

Dubai Municipality identified the need for a rail system to relieve growing motor traffic levels and support continuing urban development based on studies which began in 1997. Systra was awarded the preliminary engineering contract, and Dubai Rail Link (DURL), a consortium of four companies headed by Japan’s Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI), led the project to build the first two lines of the high-tech driverless rapid transit system. The other consortium members are the Japanese Obayashi and Kajima corporations, as well as Yapi Merkezi of Turkey.

The metro will be fully integrated within the network operated by the Roads & Transport Authority (RTA), a body created in 2005. Routes will be organised around the backbone provided by the rail system.

Around 1.74 million passengers used the metro in its first month, according to the statistics released by the RTA. The average number of passengers travelling on the Red Line is estimated at around 180,000 a day. Green Line passenger capacity is estimated to be 100,000 a day.

The Red Line was the first line to be completed, in April 2010. The Green line was opened in September 2011. Two more lines are planned. The intention is for 320km of metro lines to be in place in Dubai by 2020. Dubai Metro is the longest automated driverless system in the world.

DURL officials are also in the process of negotiations with major local and international companies for acquiring brand naming rights – in other words, advertisement rights – for the stations on Red and Green lines.

In February 2012 the Dubai Metro entered the Guinness World Records book as the longest driverless metro network in the world, spanning 74.69km.

Dubai Metro network early stages and gradual station openings

Groundworks began in February 2006, centred on the 52.1km Red line. As of April 2012 all 29 stations on the Red Line have been inaugurated. Eight of the Red line stations were opened in September 2009. Two stations were opened in January 2010.

Station construction stalled temporarily due to payment disputes – worth $2-3bn – between DURL and its contractors, but resumed in February 2010. Seven more stations opened in April 2010, followed by another three in May 2010 and five in October 2010. Two more stations were opened in March 2011.

In August 2006, a second contract worth $12bn was awarded to the MHI consortium for building the Green line. The Green line runs between Al-Qusais and Al-Jadaf, and links strategic locations including Dubai Airport and Healthcare City. In June 2007, Serco (operator of the Docklands Light Railway in London) was named as preferred bidder for initial consultation and the system’s operation and maintenance.

The Green line was initially planned to open in March 2010, but this was subsequently postponed to September 2011.

Infrastructure and routes of the emirate’s Red and Green lines

The 52.1km Red line has 29 stations, four of which are underground. The line runs from Al-Rashidiya to Jebel Ali and passes the American University of Dubai. It serves an estimated 32,000 passengers an hour. There are plans to extend the Red Line by 15.5km, a move which would add six stations to the route.

The 23km Green line has 18 stations, two of which are transfer stations shared with the Red line. The route is extended to serve the Deira and Bur Dubai central areas, up to the Burjuman and Wafi shopping centres. An 11km extension to the Green line has been proposed, to cover the route between Al-Jadaf and International City station.

The routes run underground in the city centre: from the Sheikh Rashid / Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed intersection to the Salahuddin / Abu Bakr Al Siddique intersection on the Red line, and from Garhoud to Oud Metha Road on the Green line.

Elsewhere, trains run on elevated viaducts designed to enhance the urban architecture along the route. The tracks do not cross highways at any point, ensuring full mode segregation. Although taxi, bus and water taxi feeder services were structured to encourage end-to-end use of public transport, the RTA created three park-and-ride sites, the largest of which has 6,000 places.

Underground works have been carried out without affecting buildings. A third-rail power supply was chosen to avoid the visual intrusion of overhead line equipment. All stations, elevated or underground, feature platform screen doors for passenger safety and to facilitate air conditioning.

RTA has introduced ‘feeder bus routes’ to allow commuters to travel from major locations in and around stations. Drop-off zones and a bus and taxi lay-by have also been constructed outside of each station. To further reduce the area’s reliance upon road transport, the authority is considering adding 268km of light rail lines which will serve as feeders to the Dubai Metro.

Rolling stock orders for the first urban metro network in the region

The driverless, fully automated trains are fully air-conditioned and designed to meet Dubai’s specific requirements. Unusual for metro operation, the trains offer standard ‘silver’ class areas, a women and children-only section, plus a first-class ‘gold’ section (a carriage for VIPs). The five-car sets are approximately 75m long, seating around 400 passengers but with standing room for many more.

Rolling stock is being supplied by Kinki Sharyo under a $456.2m contract for 385 cars, the first of which arrived from Japan in March 2008. A total of 87 five-car trains were acquired by the RTA, with 62 used on the Red line and 25 on the Green line. This will gradually be increased to 106 trains.

Storage and maintenance needs to take place undercover due to the heat and dust conditions in Dubai. The main depot is at Al-Rashidiya, and has a capacity for 64 trains. Auxiliary depots are at Jebel Ali and Al-Qusais.

The trains have a maximum speed of 90km/hr, forming a round trip of two hours and 23 minutes for the Red line and one hour and 23 minutes for the Green line.

Signalling and communications along Dubai’s Metro system

The fully automated signalling and communication system is being supplied by Thales Rail Signalling Solutions. The automatic train control system allows headways of between 90 seconds and two minutes.

In 2005, MHI contracted Alcatel (now Alcatel-Lucent) to supply the driverless train control system and a communications system for on-train video surveillance, passenger information, public addresses and the integrated control centre. Trains are Wi-Fi enabled.

The system’s control centre is at the Al-Rashidiya depot. The project’s signalling system is moving block and fully automated with in-cab signalling.

Emergency call boxes and LED systems developed by Trantek are fixed in the trains.

Future for Dubai’s Metro project, expansions and new lines

In full operation, Dubai Metro is projected to carry approximately 1.2 million passengers on an average day, and 355 million passengers a year.

“Dubai inaugurated its metro network in September 2009, becoming the first urban metro network to run in the Gulf’s Arab states.”

Operating costs, including staff, maintenance and power, should be approximately AED570m a year. This is expected to be met through fares and additional revenues such as advertisement space and joint development.

In May 2007, the 49km Purple line received approval, moving ahead of another future projection, the Blue line. Parsons Brinckerhoff has been contracted for initial design work on the express eight-station line from Dubai International Airport to Al Maktoum International Airport along Al Khail Road.

Construction is yet to begin on the line. Dubai airport has raised concerns as the line also has three check-in facilities which hamper passenger traffic.

The 47km Blue line will link the current international airport with the new Dubai World Central International Airport, which is being built at Jebel Ali, as part of a transport hub. Construction of this line will commence in 2012 and is expected to be completed by 2014.

In April 2008, the RTA announced that the development of the Yellow line, a light rail operation, would be carried out by a consortium including Serco and Alstom.

Article Source : railway-technology.com/

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HR Software-Common Features Of The Human Resource Software Tool

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At offices, commercial establishments where there is a significant employee strength, the role of the human resource professional becomes significant. These professionals use human resource software or the payroll management software to do a host of human resource management tasks. The objective of the HR professionals is to use software tools to enhance efficiency and productivity in the workplace.

HR Software Tool

The best human resources software tool helps the HR professionals as well as the company to do tasks like recruiting new employees do workforce management, onboarding, time scheduling and management, strategic human capital management, payroll management.

The human resource software is also termed as the HRMS or human capital management (HCM) or human resources information systems (HRIS). These software types are extensively used at the enterprise level and they are used to effectively manage the employees.

Purpose of the Human Resources Software

If you have worked in an office environment or you have a company of your own then you must be acquainted with the term “human resources”. Human resources are all about the employees that are employed with an organization. The objective of using the different human resource software, payroll software in various working environments is to ensure that the people working in a professional environment perform at the peak level.

Common Features of the Human Resource Software Tool

The best human resource software has a range of features and they include the following:-

  • The software tool is used for recruitment purposes.
  • It is used to manage payroll processes.
  • It helps to do time management in the professional environment.
  • It is used for tax evaluation and filing of income tax returns on behalf of the employees working in a company.

There is traditional on-premises software that can be installed on stand-alone computers. There are many HR software tools and payroll software tools that are cloud-based. These software tools have a host of extra features and functionalities. The cloud-based HR management tool is compatible with mobile devices and that implies that employees can not only use the software from their desktops but also from laptops, tablets and mobile phones.

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Don’t Be Bored Around the Home

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Don’t Be Bored Around the Home

Do you tend to get a little bored at times around home?

In the event, you stated yes, there are things you can do to diminish such feelings.

Sure, you may get tired of doing the same things at home, but more times than not they are better than boredom setting in.

With that in mind, what do you do to keep boredom at arm’s length when in your home?

You Should Have Plenty of Possibilities

In looking for things to do at home, you in all likelihood have more options than you realize.

For instance, do not look at turning on the TV as something to waste away time.

For many people, they rely on their televisions for good entertainment on a weekly basis.

If you have not tried a streaming service up to now, is it time to move forward with one?

In the event you said yes, you could review Netflix to see what is on next month if looking for future programming.

No matter the service you get, know that plenty of TV programming at home should keep you from being bored. This should help you as a result with your entertainment options.

Another option for entertainment at home would be starting a renovation project.

Now, before you say that it will be all work and no play, think of the excitement that can in fact take place.

You would be taking the time to put your creative mind to work.

Whether a change in the bedroom, kitchen or other area, possibilities are endless.

If you do in fact do decide on a home renovation project, start slow. You do not want to be overwhelmed with tearing up your home all at once.

How About Hosting a Party?

Still another option not to be bored at home would be for you to host parties for outside family and friends.

With that in mind, you could decide to host a dinner party in the near future.

With a dinner party, you can decide to have a few intimate family and friends over or make it a big occasion.

No matter the number of people you invite, determine if it will be a potluck or you will do the bulk of cooking. In doing the former, it takes pressure off of you to come up with all the food and planning.

As for entertainment, you can choose games; tell stories, watch movies or TV shows and more. The main goal is to have an event where everyone leaves with a lot of laughs and happiness.

Another advantage to such parties is that you get to be caught up with those closest to you and some you do not see as much. This allows you to know what is going on in other’s lives.

So, if you are looking to avoid being bored at home, are you doing a good job of coming up with plans to keep you busy?

The more planning and initiative you put into it, the better it should be.

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